Volume 2, Issue 1
Volume 2, Issue 1

Housing in Mental Health as an Educational European Road towards Civil Rights

Emanuele Caroppo;Josè Mannu;Paola Cavalieri;Vincenzo Francesco Scala
Article navigation
    Most read
    In this Issue

    The article has been translated automatically. Translate Show original




    Le Moigne J.L. (1985), Progettazione della complessità e complessità della progettazione, in Bocchi G., Ceruti M. (eds.) La sfida della complessità, Feltrinelli, Milano, pp. 90-91
    Morin E. (1985), Le vie della complessità, in Bocchi G., Ceruti M. (eds.) La sfida della complessità, Feltrinelli, Milano, pp. 44-45
    Basaglia Ongaro F. (1997), Salute/malattia, Einaudi, Torino
    Borrell-Carrió F., Suchman A.L., Epstein R.M. (2004), The biopsychosocial model 25 years later: principles, practice, and scientific inquiry, in «Ann Fam Med.», 2(6), Nov.-Dec. 2004, pp. 576-582
    Stucki G., Cieza A. (2008), The International Classifi- cation of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) in physical and rehabilitaion medicine, in «Eur J Phys Rehabil Med», 44, pp. 299-302
    Da Costa Meyer E. (2012), The City Within, in Danze E., Sonnenberg S. (eds.), Space and Psyche, Center for American Architecture and Design, Austin, pp. 86-107
    Malafouris L. (2009), Between brains, bodies and things: tectonoetic awareness and the extended self, in Ren- frew C., Frith C., Malafouris L. (eds.), The Sapient Mind: archaeology meets neuroscience, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 1993-2002
    Basaglia F. (1975), Crimini di pace, in Basaglia F., Basaglia Ongaro F. (eds.), Salute/malattia, II, Einaudi, To- rino, p. 310
    Hinshelwood R. (2001), Thinking about Institutions: Milieux and Madnessed, Jessica Kingsley Publishers, Lon- don, pp 38-40
    Augé M. (2000), Il senso degli altri. Attualità dell’an- tropologia, Bollati Boringhieri, Torino. Rossi A. (2009), Autobiografia scientifica, Il Saggiatore, Milano

    Appendix: Bibliography Selected during the Project, to Complete the Report on the International Housing Literature Review

    Ábalos I. (2000), La buena vida: visita guiada a las casas de la modernidad, G. Gili, Barcelona.

    Anthony W., Spaniol L. (1994), Readings in Psychiatric Rehabilitation, Center for Psychiatric Rehabilitation, Boston.

    Aubry T., Nelson G., Tsemberis S. (2015), Housing First for People With Severe Mental Illness Who Are Homeless: A Review of the Research and Findings From the At Home– Chez soi Demonstration Project, in «Canadian Journal of Psychiatry», 60(11), pp. 467-474.

    Augé M. (2000), Il senso degli altri. Attualità dell’antro- pologia, Bollati Boringhieri, Torino.

    Bagnasco A. (1999), Tracce di Comunità, il Mulino, Bologna.

    Basaglia F. (1975), Crimini di pace, in Basaglia F., Basa- glia Ongaro F. (eds.), Salute/malattia, II, Einaudi, Torino, p. 310.

    Basaglia F. (2000), Conferenze brasiliane, Raffaello Cor- tina, Milano.

    Basaglia Ongaro F. (1997), Salute/malattia, Einaudi, Torino.

    Battagliese A., Ghedini G., Stagni L. (2002), Una casa come un’altra, Marco Lugli, Firenze.

    BC Partners for Mental Health and Addictions Information (2006), Logements pour personnes souffrant de troubles mentaux [retrieved from doc/5634520/logements-pour-personnes-souffrant-de- troubles].

    Bonnes M., Bonaiuto M., Lee T. (2004), Teorie in prati- ca per la psicologia ambientale, Raffaello Cortina, Milano.

    Borrell-Carrió F., Suchman A.L., Epstein R.M. (2004), The biopsychosocial model 25 years later: principles, practice, and scientific inquiry, in «Ann Fam Med», 2(6), Nov.-Dec. 2004, pp. 576-582.

    Bradshaw I. (2016), Affordable housing and mental health [retrieved from].

    Brugse Maatshappij voor Huisvesting (2010), BRUG- WONEN Een woonproject voor èn met mensen met een psychiatrische problematiek [retrieved from https://www. bouwen/Documents/Brugwonen.pdf].

    Brunt D., Hansson L. (2004), The quality of life of persons with severe mental illness across housing settings, in «Nordic Journal of Psychiatry», 58(4), pp. 293-298 [retrieved from 1. http://dx.doi. org/10.1080/08039480410005800].

    Buijt E.V.D.H.I., Smits A.W.A. (1998), Beschermd wonen; tevreden wonen? Resultaten van een tevredenheidsonderzoek onder bewoners van drie organisaties, in «Maand- blad Geestelijke Volksgezondheid», 53, pp. 265-276 [retrieved from ners_van_drie_organisaties].

    Byrne S. (2008), A long way from home Mental distress and long-term homelessness. Shelter, the housing and homelessness charity [retrieved from].

    Cardol M., Speet M., Rijken M. (2007), Anders of toch niet? Deelname aan de samenleving van mensen met een lichte of matige verstandelijke beperking [retrieved from].

    Chapman I. (2014), Housing Models: Examples of Innovative Practice and Design [retrieved from https://www.].

    Coleman R. (2011), Recovery: An Alien Concept?, Fife press, Habost.

    Corporation for Supportive Housing (2005), The Mental Health Services Act Housing toolkit [retrieved from].

    Da Costa Meyer E. (2012), The City Within, in Danze E., Sonnenberg S. (eds.), Space and Psyche, Center for American Architecture and Design, Austin, pp. 86-107.

    Davidson L., Tondora J., Lawless M.S., O’Connell M.J., Rowe M. (2009), Recovery-Oriented Practice, Oxford University Press, New York.

    Decety J., Ickes W. (2009), The Social Neuroscience of Empathy, MIT, USA.

    De Girolamo G., Picardi A., Santone G., Falloon I., Morosini P., Fioritti A., Micciolo R. (2005), The severely mentally ill in residential facilities: a national survey in Italy, in «Psychological Medicine», 35(03), pp. 421-431. DOI: 0.1017/S003329170400350.

    De Heer-Wunderink C. , Visser E. , Sytema S. , Wiers- ma D. (2012), Social inclusion of people with severe mental illness living in community housing programs, in «Psychia- tric Services», 63(11), pp. 1102-1107. DOI: 10.1176/appi. ps.201100538.

    Depla M.F., De Graaf R., Heeren T.J. (2006), The relationship between characteristics of supported housing and the quality of life of older adults with severe mental illness, in «Aging & Mental Health», 10(6), 592-8. DOI: 10.1080/13607860600641135.

    Elliott S. , Taylor M. , Kearns R. (1990), Housing Satisfaction, Preference and Need among the Chronically Mentally Disabled in Hamilton, Ontario, in «Social Science & Medi- cine», 30(1), pp. 95-102.

    Evans G.W. (2003), The Built Environment and Mental Health, in «Journal of Urban Health», 80(4), pp. 536-555. DOI: 10.1093/jurban/jtg063.

    Evans G.W., Wells N.M., Chan H.Y., Saltzman H. (2000), Housing Quality and Mental Health, in «Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology», 68(3), pp. 526-530.

    Farrow T., Woodruff P. (2007), Empathy in Mental Ill- ness, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

    Forchuk C., Nelson G., Hall, G.B. (2006), “It’s import- ant to be proud of the place you live in”: Housing problems and preferences of psychiatric survivors, in «Perspectives in Psychiatric Care», 42(1), 42-52. DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-6163. 2006.00054.x.

    Gärling T., Evans G.W. (1991), Enviroment Cognition and Action, Oxford University Press, New York.

    Ghio L., Favaretto G., Rocca G., Calcagno P., Pacella S., Ferrannini L. (2016), Residential care in Italy: critical issues and future perspectives, in «International Journal of Mental Health», 45(1), pp. 32-41. DOI: 0.1080/00207411.2015.1130509.

    Gropius W. (1955), Scope of Total Architecture, Harper & Brothers, New York.

    Groton D. (2013), Are housing first programs effective: a research note, in «J. Soc. & Soc. Welfare», 40, 51 [retrieved from dle=hein.journals/jrlsasw40&div=6&id=&page].

    Hazler R.J., Barwick N. (2001), The Therapeutic Environment, Open University Press, Buckingham.

    Health Service Executive National Vision for Change Working Group (2012), Addressing housing needs of people using mental health services [retrieved from http://www.].

    Health Service Executive & Housing Agency Ireland (2016), Design for Mental Health. Housing Design Guidelines [retrieved from].

    Hinshelwood R. (2001), Thinking about Institutions: Milieux and Madnessed, Jessica Kingsley Publishers, London, pp 38-40.

    Hogan M., Carling P. (1992), Normal Housing: A Key Element of a Supported Housing Approach for People with Psychiatric Disabilities, in «Community Mental Health Journal», 28(3), pp. 215-226. DOI:10.1007/BF00756818.

    Kallert T.W., Leisse M., Winiecki P. (2007), Comparing the effectiveness of different types of supported housing for patients with chronic schizophrenia, in «Journal of Public Health», 15, pp. 29-42. DOI 10.1007/s10389-006-0071-3.

    Kahneman D. (2012), Thinking. Fast and slow, Penguin.

    Killaspy H., White S., Dowling S., Krotofil J.,

    McPherson P., Sandhu S., King M. (2016), Adaptation of the Quality Indicator for Rehabilitative Care (QuIRC) for use in mental health supported accommodation services (QuIRC- SA), BMC Psychiatry. DOI: 10.1186/s12888-016-0799-4.

    Kooistra H., De Ruiter D., Van Triest N. (2016), Doorstromers Beschermd Wonn en Maatschappelijke opvang. Platfrom 31 [retrieved from publicaties/doorstromers-beschermd-wonen-en-maatsch- appelijke-opvang].

    Kuhn Thomas (1962), The Structure of Scientific Revolu- tions (It. tr. La struttura delle rivoluzioni scientifiche, Torino, 1969).

    La Cecla F. (1996), Perdersi: l’uomo senza ambiente, Laterza, Bari.

    Lakatos I. (1970), Criticism and the Growth of Knowl- edge, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

    Le Moigne J.L. (1985), Progettazione della complessità e complessità della progettazione, in Bocchi G., Ceruti M. (eds.), La sfida della complessità, Feltrinelli, Milano, pp. 90-91.

    Leonardi F. (2015), Il grande paradosso della salute, Felici, Roma.

    Liberman R.P. (2008), Recovery from Disability: Manual of Psychiatric Rehabilitation, American Psychiatric Publishing Inc., Washington.

    Macpherson R. , Shepherd G. , Edwards T. (2004), Supported accommodation for people with severe mental illness: a review, in «Advances in Psychiatric Treatment», 10(3), pp. 180-188. DOI: 10.1192/apt.10.3.180.

    Malafouris L. (2009), Between brains, bodies and things: tectonoetic awareness and the extended self, in Renfrew C., Frith C., Malafouris L. (eds.), The Sapient Mind: archaeol- ogy meets neuroscience, pp. 1993-2002, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

    Mallgrave H.F. (2011), The Architect’s Brain (neurosci- ence, Creativity and Architecture), Wiley-Blackwell, En- gland.

    Maone A., D’Avanzo B. (2015), Recovery (nuovi para- digmi per la salute mentale), Raffaello Cortina, Milano.

    Maone A., Domiziani C. (2010), Il progetto Solaris “Fare assieme” per una vita indipendente, in «La Rivista del Lavo- ro Sociale», 10(1), Edizioni Erickson, pp. 105-115 [retrie- ved from].

    Marcheschi E., Brunt D., Hansson L., Johansson M. (2013), The interaction between the physical and social envi- ronment in supported housing for people with severe mental illness, in «Menthal Health Nursing», 34, pp. 117-123. DOI.10.3109/01612840.

    Marcheschi E., Johansson M., Laike T., Brunt D. (2016), Housing design and people with severe mental illness: An observational approach to the investigation of supported housing facilities, in «Scandinavian Journal of Psycholo- gy», 57, pp. 12-21. DOI: 10.1111/sjop.12259.

    Marone A. (2006), The house keys. Possibilities and limits of supported housing approach, in «Psichiatria di Comunità, la rivista dei dipartimenti di salute menta- le», 4, pp. 222-235.

    Massey O.T., Wu L. (1993), Important characteristics of independent housing for people with mental illness: Perspec- tives of Case Managers and consumers, in «Psychosocial Re- habilitation Journal», 17(2), 81 [available at http://dx.doi. org/10.1037/h0095598].

    Mental Health Network NHS CONFEDERATION (2012), Mental health and homelessness, Issue 235 [retrieved from Housing/Policy_documents/mental_health_homelessness. pdf].

    Morin E. (1985), Le vie della complessità, in Bocchi G., Ceruti M. (eds.), La sfida della complessità, Feltrinelli, Mi- lano, pp. 44-45.

    Morin P., Beauleu A., Robert D. (2002), Le logement comme factur d’intégration sociale pour les personnes classées malades mentales, in «Déviance et Société», 26, pp. 497- 415. DOI: 10.3917/ds.264.0497.

    Nelson G., Aubry T., Hutchinson J. (2010), Housing and Mental Health, in International Encyclopedia of Re- habilitation [retrieved form encyclopedia/en/article/132/].

    Nelson G., Hall, G.B., Walsh-Bowers R. (1997), A com- parative evaluation of supportive apartments, group homes, and board-and-care homes for psychiatric consumer/survivors, in «Journal of Community Psychology», 25(2), pp. 167- 188. DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1520-6629(199703)25:2<167: AID- JCOP6>3.0.CO;2-V.

    Nelson G., Laurier W. (2010), Housing for peo-
    ple with serious mental illness: Approaches, evidence, and transformative change, in «J. Soc. & Soc. Wel- fare», 37, p. 123 [retrieved from http://heinonline. org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/jrlsas- w37&div=41&id=&page=].

    Nelson G., Sylvestre J., Aubry T., George L., Trainor J. (2007), Housing Choice and Control, Housing Quality, and Control over Professional Support as Contributors to the Sub- jective Quality of Life and Community Adaptation of People with Severe Mental Illness, in «Administration and Policy in Mental Health», 34, pp. 89-100. DOI: 10.1007/s10488- 006-0083-x.

    O’Malley L., Croucher K. (2005), Supported Housing Services for People with Mental Health Problems: A Scoping Study, in «Housing Studies», 20(5), pp. 831-845. DOI: 10.1080/02673030500214126.

    Pannecoucke I., De Decker P. (2014), Thuis(loos) na de psychiatrie [retrieved from https://steunpuntwonen. be/Documenten_2012-2015/Onderzoek_Werkpakketten/ WP3_Thuis%28loos%29_na_de_psychiatrie].

    Park R.E., Burgess E.W., McKenzie R.D. (1938), The City, UCP, Chicago.

    Piat M., Sabetti J. (2010), Residential Housing for Persons with Serious Mental Illness: The Fifty Year Experience with Foster Homes in Canada, in International Encyclopedia of Rehabilitation [retrieved from encyclopedia/en/article/236/].

    Pleace N. (2016), Housing First Guide Europe [retrieved from].

    Pleace N., Bretherton J. (2017), Crisis Skylight: Final Report of the University of York Evaluation [retrieved from].

    Pleace N., Wallace A. (2011), Demonstrating the Effec- tiveness of Housing Support Services for People with Mental Health Problems: a review [retrieved from http://s3-eu- of%20supported%20housing%20effectiveness%20for%20 mental%20health.pdf].

    Quality Matters (2016), Financial Savings Review of “My Home My Choice” Project [retrieved from http://quali- my-choice-project/].

    Rapp C.A., Goscha R.J. (2006), The Strengths Model (Case Management with People with Psychiatric Disabilities), Oxford University Press, New York.

    Ridente P., Mezzina R. (2016), From Residential Facili- ties to Supported Housing: The Personal Health Budget Model as a Form of Coproduction, in «International Journal of Mental Health», 45 (1), pp. 59-70. DOI: 0207411.2016.1146510.

    Robin J., Robinson Z. (2008), Innovation, lo- cal engagement and leadership; the future of support- ed housing in mental health, in «Housing, Care and Support», 11(1), pp. 20-25. DOI: https://doi. org/10.1108/14608790200800006.

    Roder V. , Müller D.R. , Brenner H.D. , Spaulding (2011), Integrated Psychological Therapy (IPT), Hogrefe, Göttingen.

    Rossi A. (2009), Autobiografia scientifica, Il Saggiatore, Milano.

    Rowlands M. (2010), The New Science of the Mind, MIT Press, London.

    Schrooten M., Loosveldt G., Vranken B., Van Puy- enbroeck J. (2014), Een experiment wonen-welzijn: Sociaal wonen op proef met ondersteuning, in «Alert: Tijdschrift voor Sociaal Werk en Politiek», 40(3), 43-49 [retrieved from ment_wonen-welzijn. _Sociaal_wonen_op_proef_met_ ondersteuning].

    Savage J. (2016), Mental Health and Housing. A project to identify which types of supported accommodation successfully meet the needs of people with mental health problems in order to recommend effective housing solutions. Policy Officer for the Mental Health Foundation for the Mental Health Providers Forum [retrieved from].

    Searles H.F. (1960), The Nonhuman Enviroment, in Nor- mal Development and in Schizophrenia, International Uni- versity Press, New York.

    Seligman M.E.P., Peterson C. (2003), Positive Clinical Psychology, in Aspinwall L.G. , Staudinger U.M. , A Psy- chology of Human Strengths, American Psychological Asso- ciation, Washington.

    Settis S. (2017), Architettura e democrazia (paesaggio, città, diritti civili), Einaudi, Torino.

    Starace F., Marchesini N., Melati E. (2015), L’Esperienza del DSM-DP di Modena nel campo della “residenzialità leggera”, in «Nuova Rassegna di Studi Psichiatrici», 12 [retrieved from php/numeri-precedenti/vol-12-29-dicembre-2015].

    Steinberg D.M. (1997), The Mutual Aid Approach to working with groups, Jason Aronson.

    Strkalj Izevic S., Muzinic L., Filipac V. (2010), Case Management – A pillar of community psychiatry, in «Psychi- atria Danubina», 22, 1, pp. 28-33.

    Stucki G., Cieza A. (2008), The International Classi- fication of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) in physical and rehabilitaion medicine. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med, 44: 299-302).

    Supported housing guidelines (2015), In Office of Men- tal Health, New York [retrieved from https://www.omh. housingguidelines.html].

    Sylvestre J., Nelson G., Sabloff A., Peddle S. (2007),
    Housing for People with Serious Mental Illness: A comparison of Values and Research, in «American Journey of Community Psychology», 40, pp. 125-137. DOI: 10.1007/s10464-007-9129-9.

    Tabol C., Drebing C., Rosenheck R. (2010), Studies of “supported” and “supportive” housing: a comprehensive review of model descriptions and measurement, in «Evaluation and Program Planning», 33(4), pp. 446-456 [retrieved from ed-and-supportive-housing-comprehensive-review-mod- el-descriptions-and].

    Tauber E. (2009), Abitare in autonomia – Valutazione qualitativa del progetto pilota basato sulla filosofia della Vita Indipendente [retrieved from].

    Thomson H., Petticrew M., Morrison D. (2001), Health effects of housing improvement: systematic review of intervention studies, in «British Medical Journal», 323, pp. 187-190. DOI: 10.1136/bmj.323.7306.187.

    Tsemberis S., Eisenberg, R.F. (2000), Pathways to hous- ing: Supported housing for street-dwelling homeless individuals with psychiatric disabilities, in «Psychiatric services», 51(4), pp. 487-493. DOI:

    Turri M.G. (2012), Biologicamente sociali culturalmente individualisti, Mimesis, Milano.

    United Nation – Human Rights Council (2017), Re- port of the Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health [retrieved from https://documents-dds-ny. pdf?OpenElement].

    Van Rossum H., Van Iersel J., Van Rossum F. (2006),
    Woonvormen voor mensen met verstandelijke beperkingen (Rapportnummer: 91270), Rgo Research and consulting.

    Wells N.M., Moch A., Evan G.W. (2003), Housing and Mental Health: A Review of the Evidence and a Methodolog- ical and Conceptual Critique, in «Journal of Social Issues» 59(3), pp. 475-500. DOI: 10.1111/1540-4560.00074.

    World Health Organization (2013), Men- tal health action plan 2013-2020, WHO Press [re- trieved from am/10665/89966/1/9789241506021_eng.pdf].

    Yanos P.T., Stefancic M.A., Tsemberis S. (2012), Objec- tive Community Integration of Mental Health Consumers Liv- ing in Supported Housing and of Others in the Community, in «Psychiatric Services», 63(5), pp. 438-444. DOI: 10.1176/

    Wong Y.I., Matejkowski J., Lee S. (2011), Social Inte- gration of People with Serious Mental Illness: NetworkTrans- actions and Satisfaction, in «Journal of behavioral health services & research», 38(1), pp. 51-67. DOI: 10.1007/s11414- 009-9203-1.

    Wong, Y.L.I., Solomon, P.L. (2002), Community inte- gration of persons with psychiatric disabilities in supportive independent housing: A conceptual model and methodological considerations, in «Mental health services research», 4(1), pp. 13-28. DOI: 10.1023/A:1014093008857.

    Wright P.A., Kloos B. (2007), Housing environment and mental health outcomes: A levels of analysis perspective, in «Journal of Environmental Psychology», 27(1), pp. 79-89. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2006.12.001.

    Vlaamse Regering – Kabinet van Vlaams minister van Welzijn, Volksgezondheid en Gezin, Jo Vandeurzen (2010), Beleidsplan Geestelijke Gezondheidszorg Vlaanderen [retrieved from deurzen/files/Nota%20GGZ%20_2_ .pdf].

    Authors’ note

    This Paper was possible as a result of the three-annual Project “Housing: an educational European Road towards Civil Rights” (2016-2019), co-funded by the Erasmus+ Programme of the European Union [Project n. 2016-1-IT02-KA204-024078].

    The partnership was composed of six organisations from different EU countries: ASL Roma 2 as leading organisation (Department of Mental Health), with the University Pshychiation Hospital Vrapce (HR), Merseyside expanding Horizons (UK), PEGODE (BE), PEP- SAEE (GR), Don Luigi Di Liegro International Foundation (IT). For more details:

    All authors agree to be accountable for the content of the work.

    Most read
    In this Issue